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CIHM 


ICIVIH 


Microfiche 


Collection de 


Series 


microfiches 


(IVIonographs) 


(monographies) 




Canadian Institute for Historic;)! Microreproductions / Institut Canadian de microreproductions historiq 



ues 



©1997 






:Msmm'jMiM 



'^i' •/Bm?^i^'m 



^^ 



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Technical and Bibliographic Notes / Notes techniques et bibliographiques 



The Inr.titute has attempted to obtain the best original 
copy available for filming. Features of this copy which 
may be bibliographically unique, which may alter any of 
the images in the reproduction, or which may 
significantly change the usual method of filming are 
checked below. 

a Coloured covers / 
Couverture de couleur 

□ Covers damaged / 
Couverture endommag6e 

□ Covers restored cid/or laminated / 
Couverture restaur6e et/ou pellicul6e 

I I Cover title missing / Le titre de couverture manque 

I I Coloured maps / Cartes g6ographiques en couleur 

I I Coloured ink (i.e. other than blue or black) / 
I — J Encre de couleur (i.e. autre que bleue ou noire) 

I I Coloured plates and/or illustrations / 



Planches et/ou illustrations en couleur 

Bound with other material / 
Reli6 avec d'autres documents 



D 
D 



D 



D 



Only edition available / 
Seule Edition disponible 

Tight binding may cause shadows or distortion along 
interior margin / La reliure serr6e peut causer de 
I'ombre ou de la distorsion le long de la marge 
interieure. 

Blank leaves added during restorations may appear 
within the text. Whenever possible, these have been 
omitted from filming / Use peut que certaines pages 
blanches ajoutees lors d'une restauration 
apparaissent dans le texte, mais, lorsque cela 6tait 
possible, ces pages n'ont pas 6t6 film6es. 

Additional comments / 
Commentaires suppl6mentaires: 



L'Institut a microfilm^ le meilleur exemplaire qu'il lui a 
6t6 possible de se procurer. Les details de cet exem- 
plaire qui sont peut-§tre uniques du point de vue bibli- 
ographique. qui peuvent modifier une image reproduite, 
ou qui peuvent exiger une modification dans la m6tho- 
de normale de filmage sont indiqu6s ci-dessous. 

I I Coloured pages / Pages de couleur 

I I Pages damaged / Pages endommag6es 



D 



Pages restored and/or laminated / 
Pages restaurees et/ou pellicul6es 



Pages discoloured, stained or foxed / 
Pages decolor^es, tachet6es ou piquees 

I I Pages detached / Pages d6tachees 

\\/\ Showthrough / Transparence 

I I Quality of print varies / 



D 
D 



D 



Quality in6gale de I'impression 

Includes supplementary material / 
Comprend du materiel supplementaire 

Pages wholly or partially obscured by errata slips, 
tissues, etc., have been refilmed to ensure the best 
possible image / Les pages totalement ou 
partiellement obscurcies par un feuillet d'errata, une 
pelure, etc., ont 6te filmees k nouveau de fagon a 
obtenir la meilleure image possible. 

Opposing pages with varying colouration or 
discolourations are filmed twice to ensure the best 
possible image / Les pages s'opposant ayant des 
colorations variables ou des decolorations sont 
film6es deux fois afin d'obtenir la meilleure image 
possible. 





This it 
Cedo 

lOx 


em is 
:umen 


riimed at the reduction ratio checked below / 

t est filmi au taux de rMuction Jndlqu^ ci-dessous. 

14x I8x 




22x 








26x 








3nx 






































>/ 


















12x 








16x 








20x 








24x 








28x 








32x 






'T**? 



The copy filmed h«r« hta b««n raproducad thank* 
to tha ganarosity of: 

National Library o£ Canada 



L'axamplaira film* fut raproduit graca * la 
ginAroait* da: 

Bibliotheque nationale du Ccuiada 



Tha imayas appaaring hara ara tha bast quality 
poMibIa considaring tha condition and lagibility 
of tha original copy and in kaaping with tha 
filming contract apacificationa. 



Original copiaa in printad papar covara ara filmad 
beginning with tha front covar and anding on 
tha laat paga with a printad or illuatratad impras- 
aion, or tha back cowar whan appropriata. All 
othar original copiaa ara filmad baginning on tha 
firat paga with a printad or illuatratad impraa- 
aion. and anding on tha laat paga with a printad 
or illuatratad impraaaion. 



Tha laat racordad frama on aach microficha 
ahall contain tha symbol -n»- (maaning "CON- 
TINUED'I, or tha symbol V (maaning "END"). 
whichovar appliaa. 

Mapa, plataa. charts, etc.. may ba filmad at 
different reduction ratios. Those too large to be 
entirely included in one exposure are filmed 
beginning in the upper left hand corner, left to 
right and top to bottom, aa many framea aa 
required. The following diagrama illuatrata the 
method: 



Lea imagea suivantas ont M raproduites avac la 
plus grand soin. compta tanu da la condition at 
da la nanetA de I'exemplaira filmA, et en 
conformity avac las conditions du contrat da 
filmaga. 

Lea exemplaires originaux dont la couwerture en 
pepier est imprimee sont filmes en commencant 
par la premier plat at an terminant soit par la 
darniire paga qui comporte une empremta 
d'impression ou d'illustration. soit par la second 
plat, salon la cas. Tous lea autres exemplaires 
originaux sont fllmAa an commanpant par la 
premiere paga qui comporte une emprcmte 
d'impreaaion ou d'illuatration at an terminwnt par 
la darniAra paga qui comporte une telle 
•mprainta. 

Un das symbolas suivarts apparaitra sur la 
darniAra image da cheque microfiche, selon le 
cas: le aymboie ^ aignifie "A SUIVRE", le 
symbola V aignifie "FIN". 

Lea cartaa, planchaa. tableaux, etc.. peuvent etre 
film*a A dea taux da reduction diffArants. 
Loraqua la document eat trop grand pour atre 
raproduit en un aeul cliche, il eat flime A partir 
de Tangle aupArieur gauche, de gauche A droite. 
et de haut en baa, an prenant la nombre 
d'imagea nAcaaaaira. Lea diagrammea suivants 
illuatrent la mAthoda. 



1 2 3 




1 2 3 

456 

\ ' — 



■■Tr*r^i,:rrf'}'**flP"iiK • 



■? "3«i«*\-^«"«Lff<EJ 



MICDOCOPY RESOLUTION TEST CHART 

ANSI and ISO TEST CHART No 2i 




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i:i III 2.8 III 2.5 



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[12.2 
1 2.0 

1.8 



1.25 mil 1.4 



1.6 



^ ^PPLIEU INA^GE Inc 



'c; -Si OiOQ - Pfve 
■6'. 288 - 5969 - Fo» 



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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

CANADA 

FORESTRY BRANCH 



Hon. FRANK OLIVKK, :\lliil!it<T of (he Interior 
W. W. COKY, Ilepuly Minlitrr of Ihr Interior 
R. H. CAMfBEI-L, Nupprlntrndrnt iif Koreltry 



BULLETIN No 4 



Forest Products 



of 



Canada 



Compiled by 

A. H. D. ROSS, M.A.. M.F., 

Of the Faculty of Forestry, University of Toronto, 
by Instruction of tfie Forestry Branch 



CORREtX TO DECEMBER, 1808 



0T1\A.WA 

Government Printing Bureau 
1909 



mlezt, 



:/^«i*a[ite5^^?sr;^;;."\i'^-'^iR': ■■ ^ ■?^ic^r:^^5Sftj«yyi*2 



DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR 

CANADA 

FORESTRY BRANCH 



lliili. FKANK UI.IVKR. MlnUtrr at (he Intrrlor 
W. W, COIiY, l><>put.v .MlltUIrr at Ihr Inti-rlar 
K. H. t'AMPBKrj.. •iupvrlnUiKlrnl of rarvvtr) 



BULLETIN No. 4 



Forest Products 



of 



Canada 



Compiled by 

. , D. ROSS, M.A., M.F., 

Of the. I of Forestry, University of Toronto, 

b, ...jtruction of the Forestry Branch 



tOUHECr lO 1>K< KMUKU, lBO« 



OTTAWA 

Government Printing Bureau 

190!) 



M^ils^i^fp^^6^'^w^p^:m^7fm^j^siFmt"'ri^m 



iSiS^^'^ssKsar-^^rOTWFT* 




'M - T*^ €fe' 



'^'''^;smi^r;i?¥ir''fff^p^^w: ^ 



CONTKN'I'S. 



Kxpoiim 



riimiinufiicttiri'ii Wdoii Protluct-* 
Munnfui-tiirrti Wood prcMiuct-* 

i;\|Kirt of \Voo<l l'ul|> 

Kxports for KtO.S 



Impohth . . 

IinlMirt of Wou.1 I'rcHlurt*. IIHI^ 

FoiimT I'lioini Tiox 

Korent I'rtHlui t.>( 



S 

e 

A 

7 

8 

10 

II 
13 

l-i 
13 



WooilworkiiiK Inilii^lric- 13 

I'ORUT AKKA H 



Uuiiiiiiloii Kori'il lU'scrvett 

Durnlnion Nutionul rark." 

Unturio lli'r.irvc!i und National I'lirka 
tjuibc'i' Forest Kc«-r\ p.i and National I'urkt 



U 
IS 
15 
IS 



I >1«THU T I'.NDKH DOMINION AuMIMXl RATIO.S 17 

Lumber Cut 17 

Lumber Sold In Manitoba '8 

Hritihh Cohmhia 18 

TiiMlMT I'rwUutlon 1» 

Hetura'H for 1900 20 

Ontario 21 

ThTiber Produrtion 22 

Woodworkinn Industrie" 24 

QUEHKC 2* 

Produition for 1902-1907 25 

lOxport Trade 2o 

Rpturas for 1900 27 

Wootlworkin*? Industries 2i 

New Bkunhwu'k 28 

Timber Proiluction 28 

KxiMjrt Traile 29 

Keturn. for 1900 29 

Lumber and Pulp industries • 30 

Nova Scotia 30 

Kxport Trade 30 

Returns for 1900 31 

Woodworking Inilustrie< 31 

PhINCE EoW AKl> Isi.ANI' ^2 

Co^*CI.t^sIONH 



33 



12795— U 



^Q^tiSOS^ 




/^.Ij^-i? 






.:.Aif ■ . :.y 



i'oijKsT rijohrc'i's ok caxada 



Fur .1 |>ni|K r tiiiilrrilMiiiliiin nf lln- |Mi«ilii>ii nf ^ 'miaili n-' ■> fiin ■.( i mi \ it i-. iM'ti's^iiirv 
In liinr ili'liiiiM- iiil^iiuiilii'ii in irL'uril I" (li llif f<ir<-.l iiri'ii nf tin IJiiriiiriioii, (.'i 'lie Hlnriil 
iif linil I r, (itt lilt' |>i-i>iliirtiiiii of tinilM r .mil uiIht fun ^I |>riMiiii N. ( I > llic i'\|i<irl :\u<\ liii|iiirl 
(if fun -.1 |)riMliiil«. Il l< |irii|M>« il In <liMii>s in llii. r<'|i<irl ti> "liiil r\l<nl -.iirli iiifciiiii ilimi 
i". :iMiil:ililc ill < iiriiMl.i. In ^mm- -in It sl:ili-tiiw ii< iiri ri'liiililf iiiiil I" ""Ihiilr I lit iihmii» wliii Ii 
•.liiiiilil l:i' hikrii lit iilil.iin iIm' iIi tiiiilr inl'iiriiinlititi uliirli is nr> :\. 



I- •l\jlliili>l< III ' iiilil'i-'i n' ^;i»< ■"!' >' "'i."ii-"n "» ii-" <ii' i' '• 

•.liiiiilil l:i' liikrii lit iilil.iin iIm' ill tiiiilr inl'iiriiinlititi uli 



Kxi'oirrs. 

I 111' iiHiHl ililiiiili' Hill ' oniplilr >l;.|isli's ill riliiliiiM In fmi «l |iri>ilinls r.rv llinv in 
npinl ill ini|Mirl iiii'l r\|Mirl fnrni-liril I-. Ill"' lr:i<i<- ri'liiriiM. 'llirM- sliiiw llml in isns the 
liiliil nnni.iniifiii Inn il "iMxl iiriiiliK lr.('\|M>rt('il wrn- valiwil iit ^I^.T l.Mi.'.'i. Hliiji- in IIKiSjIiry 
iiMilnil the Mini of 1*11.1 T'l.tTH. M:iniifii<liirtil \mmw| |iriMlii(N in l"'IS iiniuiinlci to 
*\:>'>7.''.ir,, niakin}; a Inliil for I'HIS of *l'Mr.S,.'(,.-,. 

Of llir unniiinnfiii'lnn'il \mmkI |iriHlii('N iCI-'.'.i.Vl,"!.'! wtnl In nlLrr |)iirl» iif tlu' Hrili.<ili 
l'.m|iin'. incliiiliiif; !!<1 1 >t:{.iMl I In (ircnl Hriliiin; i|<-'7. I7il..'>7 1 wi'iil In lln' rnilcil St;itt's; 
1*1111, J. so Mini Id llir CnMlinrnl nf Kimiiih'; *.',!m;s,J K; to ShiIIi Anicrini iirnl llit' Wrsl 
Iniliaii Uliii, Is; l!<l 1.', I ITi In Mt'\iro, iind !i<Ui:!..'>ll'l |o ('liina nn.l .lai«ati. Il Mill U' nolii .'il 

llial llu' I'liilfil Slalrs is a rns| r for oM'r >'<'> \tT ifiil anil (irial Itrilain for over .'"> |«'r 

|i<r irnl. 

'I III" si|iiart' linilii r Irailr ilcilim i\ frniii dM .Titl'i Ions \alni'il al ijll.lSS.siiJ in isiis |<i 
.Vi,s3.'l Inns valiK'il al i"! ..'iJi'.'lti.') in l'lll^. jli ' imra^'r |irir<' [ht rnliir fiMit inrn'as«'il '' 'ii 
Mi (I'lils lo (i;i ii'iils. 'I iitiln r was |in'|iart'il in lliis «av for slii|i|iinj; lo (inal Hrilaii ' 

lIu' I liii'f ailvnnla;j's wcr- llif rtinoval of sa|HMinil ami llic f,'ri'alir cniivi'iiii'Mi''- ovtT ri I 
lof;s ill lailinu viss<ls. || is a ilrciilnl aiUanla;:i' lo have lliis Hastcriil iik' :'.ihl r-'jili nl 
liv till' slii|i|iin); of liraU lo llir Itrilisli niarkt'l. 

In IS'.KI lilt' valni' nf llic |iiiI|HmmhI <'\|inrlril was JjISil.iKI.'i. Miuli llir (■•■'•' r |iro;)or- 
lioii in caili war lias irnni' to llic rtiilrii Slalis. ami siiirc I'.Ht" " •• wliolc .'\. ■ t lias l.vcii 
In lliat roiinlrv. In I'MIt the <'\|iort lo llu- Inilcil Slalcs w, l~'.).L':iS ror.l- valuril ut 
ikl.TSS.tll!'. ami in I'.ION '.Illl.Stil lonls valued al ij* l,(i.'i.'i,:i7l , I o.n tliesc fi;;i.n- il i' ill Ix- 
M'i'n that in Kvc vcars llic <|naiilil,v of |>iiI|)hihm1 cxporli'il from Canada to llir I'liili'il Myites 
has alniosl iloiililcil. and llial ils value lias inereased UiO |K'r celil. 'I'lie imrea.s<' |K'r eord 
was frnin !!<:i.7.t lo r'l.lil. 'I'lie last n'|>orl, lliat of rilt7. in repird lo eoiisiiiii|«lioii of |inl|)- 
wood in Ihe I'nit.-d Stales show-, a total of :j,ritil.l7ri eords, of wliieli tlii' Canadian |iriMlnr't 
formed alioiil one-fomlh. 

The value of wood |mll> ev|.nrleil in IViO was $l(iS,lSil. and in I'.IOS $|.ll.i7.s."..'; the 
value of the «'\|iorl lo the I'liited Stales lieini; !»:{,.'il.'),.Via. and to (ireal Britain ^IS.'i.l'.Mt. 
Till' i|iianlily of nieilianieallv f;roiinil |iiil|> e\|>nrled was l.ll.'7/i:('.l iwt., and of cheiiiically 
prepared pulp 7s:{,-'-'l ewl. 

I he total rsporl of vvimmI products would Ih' aUml three liillioii fe.l. Iioard nieasiirc. 



Tf Mi vm ~-imj\rmr'mf7''mT:sffm-mim 



J'L^' 



r.Xl'OIMS S1N( K < <)\KKI)KI{.VH()\. 

'.'nmamkaci 1 ni;i) Wool! I'noDiirs. -Thk I'hoih it ok (an \I)\. 

'I'lic follwwin); table, from llio ljc|i<)rl i>f llu- IVpiirlmt'iil i(f 'rrade mid ('oiniiUTri' 
for I'.M)", shows wliat ])ro|>ortioii of Caniiila's iimiiaiiiifacliinMl wooil proiluc-ts wcrt- cxiiorloil 
to (Jreat Hritain, llic Uiiitcct States and iitlier eoiiiitries siiiir ('oiif<'derali<)n: - 



Ki^i-:il Yfiir-*. 



ISIiH.,.. 

1S70.... 
ISHO... 

18B() 

1893.... 
1S94.... 
1895.... 
I89(>.... 
1S97.... 
1898.... 

ISO!) 

IMX).... 
1901.... 
19()2. . . . 



190.1. 
I9(M. 
1905. 

iBor.. 

I 



'lit hritain. 


'llitcl Sl;lt<','i, 


Otiier 
<'(Kiritiif» 


■r..i:,i... 


1 


S 


? 


» 


!l.:t.j4.L'4l 


7..S42,,^.2ii 


1 ..■,4.',,H.-..-, 


1S.712,C,2."i 


lll,C.(IO.(lfl4 


S.!I2.^),122 


2.l)()7,lsl 


21 ,. •,:!:), 300 


S,«7.1.Mli 


l'...'.:(2.1IH 


1 ,(i4S.7.",:i 


1C.,S.-, l.-,ll7 


H.DOS.m,.-, 


l(),247,li4(l 


I .s:(2,ii;il 


2(,, 171), 1311 


lo.Hii ,m2 


l:i,S.-,9.!)i;i) 


1 .i,7H,si;s 


2(i,:W),nii) 


11.47.>,l'.lli j 


i:t,:iiw, lui; 


1 ,.-,71 ,.'i(ill 


2(i,3.-..'.,4IS 


u.(i7.'i,s:« 


12,4.s2,«li9 


1 ,4:i2,:iiil 


23, Sill , ICC, 


12,lSC,.S(lli 


13,.->2S,IU7 


1 , 41,11, s:u 


27,I7.-.,C.S11 


11,1).",!).. IS.-, 


l.-.,4:l.-|,7.".(l 


1 ,7c..(,:ts.-. 


31 .2.-|H,729 


l-i,(l.-!,S,.14i) 


!),:t:il'.,J.-|2 


1 ,.-.:ii'.,7.i^ 


2<;,,-n ,.-,:w 


l,-i,777.()>)ii 


9,021,7111 


2,;i2l ,S2'I 


2S,(121 ,,-,.■!( 


1,-, 0,-).s,(),tli 


12,S().->,l:i!i 


1 ,sii(i,i!i:f 


2!l,(lC.3.('p(;s 


|.'),iiiil',7l!) 


12.1!1(),I'.I7 


2,I,-,(i,4ill 


3(),(l(l'.»,K,-,7 


14,l.-,4,lli7 


1. ->,,-,! 7, -,2S 


2.417,4:t4 


32,ini.t2!) 


Hi,742,4,ri 


lf.,!)77,ja2 


2,(ili(i,:!4S 


3(1,3.S(>,(11.-| 


n.nf,2,()-.'7 


l,"i,iiii'.i,s:)s 


:i,lin,l-.7 


33,IK)1 ,1122 


12,214,(«I7 


17,.s:t7,<il() 


:(,isi,i;27 


33,2,3.-,,IW3 


12,4()S,7:iS 


2:t, lis.-,, (11(1 


:i,2t(),:«)2 


3S,S24,17l) 


ll,7S.i,,-C,4 


lH,:i<i7.7.-i:i 


:t,2'.l4.7Sl 


33,47li,IKlS 


1 1 , 4s:i , I)!) 1 


27. 17(l.7.-,4 


.'■>,S,-«,.S(I2 


41,170 K(l 



• 9 inontlis. 



'I'liis lalilo shows lliat llu- Irade willi (Iroal Hrilain lias iiicreus*'*! irom $!),.V)I,L' 1 1 in 
ISSd, |()$ll,,Si;{,()'.M in 1!M)S; whilst ilic trade with the UiiiU'tl Slates duriii},' thi' same |i<rii)d 
has iii<Teas<'d from $7,SlJ,.")L'('i to $27.17ll.">71. It also shows (hat the exports to other 
eoiiiilries have increased from $1,") ir),S.'),') to !i<.'),.S.')(i,SiL', and that the total ex|M)rt has increased 
from *KS,74L',(iL'') to $-14,170,47(1. 

MANfFACn HKl) \V(«)1) I'llOIU'l IS. -'I'lIK I'llDDl < r OF C'a.V.VDA. 



r..l:iW 



ISliS 

IS7().... 

issn 

isoi) 

1 si):i 

isiil 

isu.">.... 

I Sill...... 

1S(I7 

IMIS 

jsiHI 

lillHI 

I'.IOI 

HHV.' 

i!in:) 

mm 

]!)ll.". 

t'XIli 

I'.IIIT*... 
I'JOS 



71 .e,).t 

sii,.->.ij 

■1110.7 is 

.S7I1. Iiii; 

1 ,L'S0,9!)(( 

l,:iis,i'.m 

1 ,-.'S!),(i-i2 
1 ,.-..-).-., ins 
I,ii.-,L',:(I7 
.'.:i7J.iii9 

L' , S 1 '.1 . 7' )S 

:(,!J7,-'IJ 
J.ina.Oss 
:i, isii.si:! 
4. I7:i,!i."i.' 
:i.ii:;:!,2..':i 
4.4l7.(i:i.s 
4.I.|-.'.!»I7 
^.I'rlKl.fll? 
4,0!l7.T'i."i 



*0 iiiniitlis 



TiiK Kxi'oiii OK I'li.i- \V()()i>. - 'I'liK I'uomcT i)K Canada. 

I'lTvioiis ti) tlic vfiir IS'.IO the reports of the Depiirtnient of 'IViKle and Cominerre do 
Mol sl:ite llie viihie of wood for pulp which lias iH'en exported fn)in Canada. From ISiiil 
to lilllS the values of the exports to (ire.it Britain, llie United Slates and other countries 
were as follows: — 



[iHinl Yi'Hrs. 



Creat 

Hril.cin. 



I 



ISMI I 

IS!I| , ' 

is;i2 

'''" I 

1 s»4 ' 

is'.ir, ' 

isiu; ■ 

ISHT 

IMIS I 

IVKl 

HPiKI 

IIIOI 

;!H..'.... 

10;«.... 

Hint 

nil ).-, 

Hxii; 

1!)(|,-* 



\Ulf 



t 

2a, SOS 
IS,. ■5(12 
3li,l4l> 

i:i,4iii 

2t,2,J0 
0.39(i 

27,. ISO 
M.MI 
34,772 

2s,(m'j 

:iS,370 

32,19S 

120,44,') 



I'luli-.l 
Stiiti'S. 



J 

,"7,1(17 
1711,1131', _. 
lS3,:il2 . 

371 ,'jsi ; 

i 
3(»,(I10 . 

4.-iS.i;i3 ' 

I 

ri(m,2s,-i . 

077.221 

S7ll,i;!lll 

Sl)',),7U.'i 

.M14,n77 

l,3i;4.S21 

1,1!U,.5!(3 j 

l,5,")S.i)r,0 I 

1,7SS.049 I 

2,(i()0,S14 '. 

2,049, lot) : 

1,998,8(1.'. i 

4,ti.J5.371 I 

I 



Other 
('(niiidii..- 



(ijO 



.'•.79 

4.1il2 

32.'i 



■n.l.'il- 



Ml.nu.*. 

1 SS , UOS 

21U,4.'iS 

3S0,II!I2 

3U3.2r,ll 

4(iS,otl9 

027,80.'. 

711,1.'2 

912.041 

S42.0Sii 

902,772 

1,397,019 

1, 31.', 038 

1 ,.',.",8,.-,(;ii 

1 .788,019 

2,0(K),814 

2,049,100 

1.998,80.'. 

4,0,j.-,,371 



It will lie noli<rd that duriiij; the last six years the entire export trade has Ix'eu willi 
the Unili'd Stales, Previous to HI04 the numlier of cords exported is not staled. I'Voiu 
lliat \ear to the present time the (|uanlilies and values have iM-en: — 



Year. 



Cords. 



Vuhi 



1904 

lUO.-, 

190 ; 

I',i07* 

i'.'ll> 

•9 mnntli!. 





t 


479. 23S 


1.788.049 


,'.93,024 


2,600,814 


(il4,28t> 


2,049.100 


452,486 


1,998,80'. 


9U1.8U1 


4,iMO,37l 



Troin these fiijiiri's it will \x: wcti lii:il in llif ,>liorl sm.hc of fivi- ycirs the i|iiatititv of 
puliiwood oxiiortcd Iroiii CaniidM to thi- riiilfil Static ln-< itlMii>st iloiiblctl. and that its 
viihif lias iiuri'a*cl I'i'i |ht (■(•nt. 

I'liF. Kxi'OHT OK Woou I'll, 1'. -I'm; I'uodi i i ot Canada. 

The 'I'raile and N;ivi;;ition return t'lir the last l.t years ijives the followiiii; iiiI'Drmation 
regarding the export of wood pulp from Canada: — 



Crr.vil 
lirit;iui. 



M:iti'-, 



OIll.T 

f '"Uiitri»*.-t, 



1890 

1891 

1892 

1893 

1894 

1895 

1896 

1897 

1898 

1899 

1900 

1901 

1002 

1903 

1904 

1905.... 
lOOC. . 
1907* . 
1908 



s $ I S I 

Nut *^|)arat.*ly :»tiite<l prior to 1 s'Jl). 
400 147, DOS 2l),i;j2 

: 2S(),iiiu 

:)>.5,:to;l 

4-i4.2.'.3 

3'iS,2.-.i; 
3;i<),.is.> 

j.J7,0Sj 

J7i'.,72n 

.'534.30.5 

,-.7S,2.'9 
1.193,7."i3 

937 , 330 
1,170.4('»0 
1.7'.).-,.7'iS 
l.sor.412 
2.tiil4.122 
2.419.i;2S 
2. :)'.I7.14S 
:l."4."i.:i3il 



l.ti4n 

17S, :;.-,.-> 

231, S4S 
11 3.. ".57 
104. 13S 

i;7iJ,ino 

i;7 1.704 
5''..M78 
93 1 . 722 

sis.r.so 

1.1»,I73 

54S,72() 
'Wn,199 
99S,70.' 

."ijS.iilM 
4^'i 19',1 



7i1(l 

2,f.41 

,-,.l:l.-. 

1,101 

U\ 

24,343 

l'.0.0S."> 

Iw.l,'.) 

57,418 

220,002 

52,912 

24,837 

.19.820 

2S,SSS 

7 . 1 23 



TotaN 



I'lS, 
2SI1 
3"i.'> 

4:,.". 

.">I7 
.•.90 
075 
741 
210 
274 
810 
937 
040 
150 
409 
399 
478 
.984 
,037 



180 
G19 
303 
893 
217 
874 
777 
959 
421 
270 
016 
207 
.398 
943 
.074 
158 
IJO 
.945 
.8.-,2 



*0 Illulltll- 



1271I5— ■-' 



10 



KxpoHrs TOH 1!M(8.— The I'hodi ( r ok Canada. 




• luare titiitter 
White pin*'. 
lied pine 
Birch 
Oak 

Elm 

Other woodc 



Lumi)er. . . 

Planks anil U>nrii» litl. fr. 

Spruce ami other detlU St. Hiis. 

i'inc (lealH . . 

Deal en*!". . . - " 

Joists nnii sf'antling Bd. ft. 

Uitlitf, palint!S and pickets 

Staves and headings 

I.tinilM»r nut otherwise specified 

Saw logs 

Spruce. . 

Elm 

Pine 

Other woo«Ib 



I,U<J(I,.M9,000 

177.087 

L'5,220 

S.532 

8.'5,112,()OI> 

•120, 4 Hi, (XH) 



Ll,087,.';tiU 

0,07O,67.'? 

l,Wif>.li72 

318, WIU 

1.0411,46,5 

1.740.4^0 

215.870 

390.582 



33.iaii.732 



Bd. ft. 



0,820,000 

1,4«9,000 

231.000 

SO, 803, 000 



101,231 

18.967 

2.S04 

.5711, 04U 



Bd. ft. 
1,323,0(X) 



Pulpwoud. C'ord». 

Railway ties Pes. 



Shingles 

Box shooks 

Telegraph, hup, hoop and other poles 

Firewood Cordf 

Tanbar" " 

Pot and peari a»he8 Brls. 

Other products 



001, H61 
132,731 



*'• ! 1,090,' GOO 



20,194 

7,03.3 

743 



Total value of tuimanufactured wooii 
productH 



tj9sl,138 



4,tio.5,371 

fi.")7,132 

2.547.985 

205.547 I 

117.400 

83.775 1 

34.215 

29.4'>-' 

483,;../ 

8,814,505 

44,170,740 



MANUFACTURED WUUlJ I'RODUCTS. 



Value. 



Wood pulp 

Household furniture. .... 
Doors, sa8hes^l'and blinds... 
Matches and match splints. 
Other proiiucts 



Total 

Total expr.rts of wockI products for 1908. 




108,53.'5 



n 



I M I '( )R'rs. 

Notuithsliiiuliiii: the f.ict lli;il rituadii cNpiirls fonst prmlmts l.irplv. llirir i< ;i coii- 
si(l«Tiil>lr iiii)><)rt. iiiiiiiily from the I'nitod Stiitrs. 'llu- loliil vnluc of lln' iiii|»(ils iiicn-ascd 
from !iiL'.jr2.")7J in ISTt to !i<lJ, o:»J.,")',l,", in I'.MiS. For llu' ten uiirs IV.iT to I'MK, inilusivo, 
the toliil imports iimountol to !i<.")?i,'.»;{4,77ii. !i<:)7,.').'l 1.731 comin;: from Mii- UnidMl States, 
^011i,:i'.tS from (irciit Urilain, iinil the rcmainini; *l ,1'.H,">I1 from olli.r coimlric.-*. For 
this i)«-rio<l W \»-t n'nl of imports «»-r<' from the Unilfd Stales, two prr irnl from Great 
IJritain, and four p<T <mt from other coiintrifs. 

In rcivnt vcars the wcstt-rn prairie provinces liave ini|porle<i eoii-iderahle ipianlities 
of himlHT and other constmetion material from some of tlie western slates, partieuhirlv 
Minnesota. In VMK> tlie import of pine from Miimesota and Wisconsin was 1J.'),(HII),()IMI 
feet lK>ard measun', l)nt this'fell in l!Ml7 to ClMi ».',!! 11 feet. In the older provinces there 
is a considerahle import of harilwoods suih as oak, ash. walnnt, hickory, cherry, &c., 
which is larjielv due to the denudation of the hardwood districts in sonlh-weslern Ontario 
and elM'where. The import of oak for I'.MIS was .■|l..')4-'.<iS.') feet hoard u.easure. hut this 
was exceeded liv |>it<li pine ( under which are iniluded several species of pine from the 
southern states) with an import of tis.'.i l(i,.iS'.l feet lM)ard measure. The impo.t includes 
also such manufactured articles as furnilun-. veneiTs, huhs. spokes. sla\es. ilnssed himlHT, 
ties, lalh, sliiujjies. &c. 

The t'olhn^ini; talile. from Ihertpoit of the Department of Trade and CoMunerce for 
l',Ml7. shows tlie value of dulial)le and free imports, and also what proportion of each came 
from (ireat Hritain, the I'niled Stales and other countries: - 



Wool* .\N,' .M ANt*tACTCHK»* OF WoOD. 



i is<-al Yeiir;*. 



Cireal 
Hritain. 



Duliablc. 



liiilcl 
Stall'!'. 



Otlier 
Countries. 



Totals 



Fre». 



( 'treat 
Hritain.. 



I'nileil 
States. 



Other 
Countries. 



Totals. 



187« 


H0,4.-)0 


ISKO 


73,7211 


1893 


110,(112 


1804 


.S7 , 1 2S 


1S«3 . 


.s.'>,Olll 


189i; 


V.t , 774 


1897 


7i),2.st; 


ISOS 


."i3,(l<IO 


ISW* 


.■|1,!>S2 


190(1 


7(1, 7M 


1901 


74,42.-| 


1902 


(l(),0:iS 


190.) 


nil ,<.MX) 


1904 


M,243 


190.-, 


1(1."), (HIS 


Hlllf. 


l(Hl,5(i3 


ititi7 \t niosi. 


08,607 


I'joS 


170,320 



ill 1,211 

I,42s,7(i4 

1IS2.71S 

S27,4(i3 

117.-, , 723 

7(i4,S(l'.) 

SOS.l.W 

S24,318: 

',IS3,73S' 

l,2(Kl,02.", 

1,229,(M1.'> 

1,404,947 

1,1174,1114 

2,199.223 

2,251,1191 

2,310,.S30 

1,898,242 

2,S(XI,.")7.'i 



3.'-).47(. 
72,1,1(1 
74,412 
79.149 
77,.143 
77,934 
71,27(1 
75 , 222 
IO.->,ll(i 
9,j,,';!l8 
123,907 
l.«,170 
14.-,,, ■,95 
145.373 
105,582 
204,330 
102,953 
217,20(1 



977,137 

1 ,574,04(1 

1.108,042 

993.740 

S38.270 

932,. 5771 

949,7211 

952.ll:i0 

1 .140,S30! 

1,372.404; 

1,427,4571 

l,017,l,-,5i 

1.9:.!2,409i 

2,425,839 

2,521,081: 

2,021,735; 

2, I.V.I, 802 

3,18S.101 



23,9(K, 

3,5(W 

4, (',93 

3.409 

1 ,361 

2.045 

11,077 

5,847 

1,177 

10.0(J4 

15,528 

7,031 

13,517 

22,705] 

10,063 

31,292: 

14, .584 

44.099 



• I 

1 ,398,870 
1,190,490 
1.132,159 
1,647,115 
1,053,. 372 
1,958,343 
2. 030,, 576 
2,. 535,7.80 
2,919,4.33 
3,000,549 
3,481,338 
4,248,402 
5.023,0.38 
0,911,028 
5,953,140 
5,939,0.59 
5.744,823 
9 , 930 , 2(l.s 



12,0IH) 
17,382 

9,371 
15.791 
10.490 

8,055 

1,930 

1,945 

8.9i)S 

0, 8-2(1 
12,749 
18,110 
27,. 300 
33,281 
45 , 7HS 6 
45,238 
(13,. 502 5 
.50,041 10 



435,4.'t5 
217,441 
14(1,2-23 
(100,315 
(105,229 
909, 043 
0.50,183 
543,. 578 
,9-29,608 
,024,039 
.509,615 
274 , 209 
004.061 
967,014 
015,007 
015.589 
822,909 
031,548 



This table shows that between 1S74 and liKKi dutiable iiniiorfs from (ireat Hritain 
increased from .$3(i,4.5t'i to ijii)6,5t)3, whilst free itiipoKs \r.i\r_ vaiit-d ^^reaily 

From the United States dutiable imports have increa.sed from -S'.dl.JU in 1874 to 
*2,310,83G, whilst free imports have risen from $l,3ns,.S7(l in 1874 to $.'>,(»3'J,U.3'.I in lOUd. 

For the ten years, 1897 to lOOti, inclusive, the total imports amounted to i?.5'.»,(>34,77(i, 
$57,520,731 '■omingfrom the United States, !!i'.ili»,.398 from Great Britain, and the remaining 
l: .0. !\ 



$1 ,1''1,5U Iroiii iiilii-r coiiiitrii'S, 'I'liiis it niiiH'ars lli.it in rcii'iit yen-. jl«)iit 'H \x-i- iint 
of iuijiorls lire I'rotii llif Uniltd Sl;il»'s, J |).t cfiil lioni (irtiit Hrilaiii. iin.l 4 jht criit 
from other loiinlrics 

Imi'iiiu' of Wood I'niiini is, I'.ms. 



'iimntti\ . 



I).l. ft 



Manufactures 

Ve'-ecrd. 

VVoo'l pulp. . 

lumituri' 

Wooilenware, tiHiuMe^, Ac .... ... 

Other tiuiuuf.'K.ture.*'.. . ... 

Lumber, timlier, pliink.sanil tiounlii — 

Cherry, ciieHtnut. tfunLwcxxi, tiicltory ati.l whitewood 

.MHhoKnn\' 

Oak ; " 

ritoh pine " j 

White nsh. 

Walnut 

KetiHou-l, rosow<).>l, ^an.lalwuo.l, teak, ebony. 4c 

Other lumber 1{,1, ft. 

Timber, hewn or Jaw n 

Shingle nn-i other bolts, billeti, stave-i, &c | 

IvOgs ati.l ruun.l timber . ;, 

Fence poflta and railr-ia-l tien 

Ijltha 

Shingles 

Fuel wood Coni!". 

Other unnianufactureil pr.>Iticta 



10,n.-(l,r.4!) 

1 .ii.H),.S(il 

54, .'142, (1.1 "i 

(i.s,B4i;,:j.sy 

t,llij2,7H|i 
liOS,42L' 

.S.'J,SiH),Oi)(l 



2,74(),n(H) 

5,l).")2,ll(ll) 
,37,47S 



■\:\,\. 



L'ic,,4ni 

■'A . :>i7 

.'<12,418 

21.^>,215 

I ,4.->:i,l!"! 

I.^4,2.•|2 

2i.i.:<:iu 

2,17.i,7'« 

2.l7li,14:t 

l'l>',,4<.)'.l 

;!i,:)7ii 

44,:)7U 

2. nil, .54:) 

l!lil,(i.>i 

S74,l;-il 

;">2ii,lS2 

.■)!M),.->44 

12,:<4."> 

I2,U2I 

1 2S , 747 

ll',s,(l7S 

12,S)4.7l:! 



FOP.ES'I' PRODUCTIOX. 



'Ilic soiinvs ol' iiiforiHiition in rognrd to forosi |>ro(|ii<t.s avail;il)lf .niiiiialiy an' tlie 
reporl.s of tilt' (lit oil frown lands obtained through the relurii." furnisheil to the Doininion 
and Provincial (iovernments, but the.se arc inroni))lete in the res|K(t that they give liltle 
or no information of the cut on lands which are held privately, and which furnish a con- 
si. "erablo jiroporlion of the total product. The product of the year 11M17, as ^liowii by such 
n-furns. was in the neighbo\irhood of thr<'c i.nd one-half billions of feet board measniv. 

The pine of the eastern slates, including wliitc and red | ine, still leads in the juddiiclion 
with probably one-third of the total, spruce taking seco'id pl.ice with about one-fifth. Other 
sjx'cies are not .so distingi'isheil in the returns that the i)Uinlilies can 1k' delerinined. The 
hardwood production, as far as the returns show, was less than l',0(lll,lliM) feet boaril measure. 

It is only at the decennial census that information is obtained in regard to the whole 
forest product, including that from ])rivate lands. The census of I'.iDl showed a product 
valiK il at .■?.') 1,0(1(1, 1 1(11 1, and including a total of alxiiit nine billion feet, boanl measure. 

With the rajiid development of the liimlxTand pulp industries, and the incieasinginleri st 
in the \\hole question of the timlx'r .supply of Canada, it is desirable that ini'ormalioii of a 
reliable nature in regard to the forest product should be available from year to year. 'I'lie 
necessity for .such information was recognized some time ago in the United States, and 
tie' Knrest Service and llie ('..nsMs Hureaii h-'vo, with the co-operation of tlie Inmlx'r asso- 
ciations and manufacturers, carried out a scheme for gathering annually the statistics of 
forest production, which is now so fully elalx)rated as to give reliable results. 'I"he repo 1 
for llt()7 shows a cut in the United States of 40,256,i54,()0(J 'eet, board measure, of luniU'r, 
a,li(iM.(ill-',lKll) of lath, 11,.SJ},47."),()()() shingles. 



13 

II i> .I'Mnililf lliMt :i -.ysttiii I'.r olil.iiniii'.' -iiiiiLir sliiti.stirs in n „Mr(l to tlie timber 
proiliKiioii ..r Cimiiil-i --hoiiM U' uri.K rliiktii mhiI jiliKcl on a sv«i.-iii,ili<' Uau without 
•lelav. 

lOHKSI" I'UODL'CIS. 

L'knsL's ok 1'"M. 



Sll« l"l! llliiliT. 

Firtuuixl. . . 

Pulp-.v^ ^ 

S<iUMrp, t.at aii'l waney limber. 
Railway tiex. 



fori 



I'lf. 



Fcnoo iiimts I'., I. 

Tanbark V. ■ 

I'ilinK '•:'■ 

TrlpRrnph poles, 

Co(n«Ta.i?e st<irk ., 

MaKUt Mint spars. ' *'■ ■ 

Hop ami licic'P pules 

Pot ari'i peart ashes 

Value of furs 



,ot..t.tHHI 
.Mii.(l2ii 
(,i,.s.li:l4 
. 72ii.s».t 
, 1.-.1,7',12 
t»7M. »;.'..'. 
IIK1.7I2 
:tii(i..i2^' 
2.".". ,111 

HI .MSS 



Hrl». 



Value. 



2>l,7'.i:i,:i«0 

14,,".4N J28 

2, !!•*<. .'(»0 

I .4M().31i 

I ,4IIC.,913 

,'ih(l,tl78 

4:i!l, 508 

2:l,'i,li.(t 

2nv,;).')7 

1 l'i.2J2 

2". 025 

2,1,843 

U>,21t) 

Gilo, 177 



Total. 



51,71S,SS(i 



Wood WoHKiNO I,\i)rsri<!K.«, 
(Viisus of •iiMiuifiictiiriiig cstablishmfiits for the ycixr lltno (ceiisiis of l',)i)(i): — 



Kstabli.sti- 



Inilustry, 



lJiipio,\ces. 



VSair.s I'ai'l, 



\'alue 

of 

I'ro.lucis, 



No. 



I>i(t liroilurt". 

Lunir)rr prnilucis 

Paiier 

\Voo,l pulp 

I- umiliirt' 

I'uoixTat^e 

Boxes, \v(»o<teii 

Box stiooki* 

Boxes. ( iirar, . 

\V<>n.l\\..rt^iiiff ali'l turriitiic. . 
Pirluri' frames, . 

>Voo<leti\vare 

Itoals ariil canoeF 

UefriEerators 

Matclies, , , , . 

Baskets 

Slice lasts .tiicI |»ks 

Corks, , 

.Ashes, pot and pearl 

■loi,.li'. 



1,>«91 


j4,!m1 


21 ,o2'l. 1 19 


n9 


0S4,920 


034 


1 3 . 3:i I 


i;,2.'ir,.247 


21 




31 


4,!l7t 


2 20> '.2<i 


9 


4 19,842 


22 
Isl 


■> .j-ti 


1 (t23.7.'o 


3 


793,131 


.s,141 




9 


iir.:i,tig8 


101 


1 t,;i4 


.■>9< 1 , 1 ".t ( 


1 


V. ,■■ , (132 


*'S 


1 '*' '7 


4M'..974 


1 


1.79,483 








,ViO,l,(K) 


4 
411 

n 

4 

4!l 

.-) 

■i', 


1 4.-. 
7 s') 
4i2 


..4.V9H 
:i)r..r,42 

22".1'I',J 

I'^r,'*;!') 




20i;,72(i 
7S'.,li79 
1.1 1,-,,, -,04 
172,293 


317 
),'>2 
■299 
322 
Ull 


1 12.-39 
ss , l."j'j 
91.943 
9h,,'i9'' 




294, (-78 
2S3,(KX) 
220,743 
223 , -07 




43, 01 II'. 




104. (.87 






:i9,lM9 




19."), 510 


:i 


7 


2.200 




,-.,200 


3,094 


90.444 


31., 239,, 5,11; 


119 


,,SS0,489 



14 



KOKKS'I' A1{KA. 



'I'lif irifoniiatioii aViiil^Mc in rcjjard lit llu- for. 
nature, nnd llii- ViiriniH •■,H|iin,ilrs wliicli have Ixeii i 



I iiri'i 
i^dc 



if (Vliaila \* of 111)' IMosI ;'■ ral 
are imcerlaiii. Aclnal know i.-djp- 
is ronfiiied to restricted areas, and general conclusions are hast-d on dt dnitions tlwrefroin, 
on jud)!incnls from climatic, j,'«'oloj,nc and other conditions, or on ineasun'incnis made ujion 
the niaji. In repinl to the tiiTiln-r granted iiM(h-r timU'r liii'iise, and thai incln.lcd in forest 
reserves, there is fairly detiiiile information, Iml in rcitani to the Mineral fon ^1 areas kiiowl- 
edfce is eoiifiiied I (he routes of travel followed hy and re|iorlei| on liy the nienilxrs of the 
staff of \hv Geolopcal Survey. \o attempt, except the survey undertaken l>y the province 
of Ontario in IIMMI, has lieen made either l>y the Dominion or Provincial (Jovernnients 
to have any systematic exaniinatiou or estimate of the greater fon'st anas. In the interests 
of accurate kno\vlcdf,'c of one of the (.Tcatesl of Canaila's natural resourc'cs, it isdcsiralilc 
that in all the jirovincvs, and in Dominion territory, a forest survey should !«■ undertaken 
and systematically carried out throughout the wlioh' l'on>steil area. 

In the census of l.'s'.ll the forest area of Canada was estimated at 7'.t'.t,iMi(),ililii acres. 
More recent estimates reduce the area to lictwcen .')iHi,il(lil,il(Hi ,ind di H 1,1 HH),l 1(1(1 acres, Imt 
this will inchnU' areas of timlx-r which is not at prc.s«'nt merchantalile, anil for land covered 
with merchanlaMc timlier presently availahh- estimates have Uvn made ,is low as JiHl.- 
(l()(t,(l(l(i acres, and even l(HI,(MI(t,i)(i(l acres. It is to lie rememUTcd, however, that llie.s.- 
arc estimales liaseil from deductions froui a general knowledge of cor'dilions or of s|H>cial 
areas, and none of them are eiitith-d to great rcliahility. 

The stand of limUT is ev<'n less known, hut U-tween five and six Imiulrcd hillion feet 
of tinilKT snitalih' for saving would 1h> a conservative estimate. In addition there are large 

areas suilahle for pulpw I. The whole forest art>a of Canada has sutfen'd so s.>\cr<-ly 

from fire that the averagi' s(an<l nmst Ih' com|Mited at a low figun-. 

The area includeil in forest reserves and parks in tlie Dominion is l-'8.0(iil,Si)n acres, 
and (he area laid UMcler (iinlKr license or lease is 7.'),SiM),(Hi(( acn-s, Imt these ari'as ovirlap 
to a eon.sidcralile Ntenl. 



D(>\i]Mo\ I'oHKsi l{(:-Kiivi;s. 
(I\.it(ihli.ilii'(l hii Fiii-fsl Kr.irrvex Art, I'.lilii.) 

Manitoba - 

Uidinu' Mountain l{es< rve 

Turtle Moimtain Itcst-rve 

Lake Manitoba West Ucs<'rve 

Spruce Woods Heser\e 

Duck Mountain Reser\e 

Porcupine No. 1 Ueserxc 

Saskatchewan — 

Beaver Hills Hescrvi- 

The Pines lleserx <• 

Moose Mounlai" l{c.ser\e 

Porcupine \o. 2 l{es«Tvc 

Alberta - 

CiKjking Lake Ues<-rve 

Cypress Hills l{es>'rve 

Kootenav Lakes Heserve 



Miles, 

1 .r,.v, 

-Ms 
J,.'."il 



■h- 



H 



i iJX, 

740 

lU 
IS 
o4 



136 



r. 



British ('oiuiiiUiii — 



l/Oti(; Lake |{<'S<'r\r 

M..iil<- Hills llfsiTve 

Miirliri NFiiMtitaiii Ut-sorvp 

Niskoiilith Kcsorvf 

TriiiKniilU- U<s<Tv«' 

Hill ('ro<'k Hi'sorvr 

Doil.ild H<'S«Tvr 

I.iin li Hills l{<'s<rve 



Toljil iin-H <if Diiiiiiiiioii l-'oii'sl |{<" 



S«|. Milrs, 
I'lo 
liiC, 
In 

14 •' 

.'I M"i 






DoMlMuN N.IIUWI. I'aKKn. 

S| Milrs. 
HiM'kv Miitititiiiii Park, Alia. S'i ii)>iirl liv .s|K'(ial Ad i>f I'arlia- 

niciil, 1SS7; cxlcmlcd l>y A<l of I'Mi.' I,.'.imi 

Vohn I'ark, H.(". Set apart l>v ( )r(i(T it; Ciiiiiirii of Di'cciiiIht 14, 

1!t(ll "*-"*i 

(iliicicr I'ark. IJ.C S>t aside liy Order in Council of OctoIxT 

II, ISSS. Area enlarfied liv Order ill Conneilof Novemlx-r 

■JO, i!Mi:-i "''< 

.Jasper I'ark. S't apart hy Order in Couiieil of S-pleTMUr 1 I. l!Ml7. r,,i|iMi 

Total aiva .if Dorni. lion National I'arks UKW\\ 

Total area of Dominion l-'onesi Reserves .'<.'V'\ ', 

Total M'>:2:>i.\ 



Om Mill) lii:sKHVl> \M> N'aMI'VM I'\I1K~. 



So. Milev 



Aljionquin National I'ark. IV,l/i 
Kastorn For<'.st l{eM-r\e, 1 V' . . . 

Sil)ley Reserve, I'.HHI 

Tiniagami Reserve, I'.'Dl 

Western Tinia<;anii Res<M-\e, I'.Mili. 

Mis.sissaga Res»T\e, I'.titl 

I,ako Nipi;.;im Reserve, I'.IO,') 



'I otal area of Forest Re- 



1.7:!:i 
1 -•.■. 
To 
■j,joo 
:-!,7n.i 
.'.'Ml. 



IN,' 141 



(^1 liDKi VoiiKsr Ri:-ii;i;vi;s wf) Nvikinm, I'miks. 

Sc|. Miles 

I-aurontide Nation,-;! I'ark. St-i a.side iso.'j; e!j!ari,fd !->'>'; '■':-'' ', 

Gaspe Park, V.W, -'.oi") 

Rimouski Reserve, lltnO ! .-'■iT 

Sa^uenay and Labrador Reserve, VM»\ 1 Ht.iH"' 

Oitawn Reserve. I',tn7: enlartjed, VM<< liT.TlJ 



<^II<Ih I- I'nlrsl Itisirvr- i fii, liuliil . 

SI Miiiiriii' Ki'HirM'. |;mi7 
( lii'iiiliiri' KcMTM'. I'.hm; 
r.iil.oiikii. l!Mi,s 

St I'lMllrii, l'.MI> 

ri'iiii-Miniiilii, l!Mi7 

Itjr.'H (mis, I'.lii; 

HiviiTr ilii l,iiii|i, Inns 

lloiiMM'iihirt' mill (iiisjit', I'.in7 

l-iiir.'iilijii. \'M\S 

lli\iirr ( )iiillc, l(Mi7 

lliiiipiv. (Iiiiliiil iiiiil I'liliriii-^iilii'' \\i' s 

IIiiiiImi II ItiMirdiip's, |!MI7 

H<ll<'<li.i^M', I'.MIli 

Mj»kiiUMi>,'r, l'.Mi> 



I Mll.'H 

:'l,l II 
■Ms\ 

;i,."iiM) 

I. -Ml 
III 

1,7.1.1 

;i."i 

llHI 



Tiihil :ir»ii iif Knn «l Iti M i\( ! 



■|,(MilJ 



17 



DISTIMCT I'NKKi: DOMINION A I i\I I N IS'I'IJATION. 

I 111' ilnlrirl iiiiilt r |)iiiiiiiiiiiii i.ilMiiiii-^lriihnii irirliwl' - llir ).riniinri nf Miiiiilnliit, 
Sii'-kiilrlii«iiii mill AIU rill, inul in Ilir |irii\in'i nl' liriliOi ( .iIuimIu.i .1 U ll i.f I'.irly iiiilrt in 
wiillli iiliitii; llir iiiiiin liiir "f llif ( ■.iiiiiiIImii r.iiilii |(,iil«iiv iiriil 11 Ir.irl of llini- iiiillinri 
in I. >. Ill (111- 111 Miiwiili rs iif (III- I'l mr Itit) r ll iiUu irn linli ■. .ill llir ili^'riiN onNiili' i.f |'rii- 
viiiii.il iiiri>ilii iiiiii. 

I 111 iriii iiiiiirr liiiii«i' Mini |K riiiil ii 'MJJ w|iiiirr iiiiirs, nr <>,U.'lil,iiSil .im-n. Tlii- ari'Ji 
iiii liiilril ill fiirrsi |iiirks mill fnrrsl ri'^Tvi's is Hi.j'.HJ si(iiiin' or |ii,l."i,l In iirrrs. 

'llir liiiiil^'r ml ill MMi" «ii>« lll.ii:,i ,j!ij fiii lK.iir>l iinM^uri- nf liiiiilur, 1 l,-'7.t,;iiM) liilh 
mill (ill.iMlli •.liiiij;li!i 'llir Mil in llw riiil«ii) lull in llriliili < 'iiliiiiilii;i wiis iL'.OUII.iMMl feet 
Iwuiril niriiMin-, iilnl llii' ri nuiiiiilrr, rnnNiilinu niiiinlv "f »|irini Iml iiirlmliiii; :il«' ji" k |>ine 
{I'iiiii.i llniik-.'^iiiiiii iiikI I'iiDiK MiimviiiiKi) Imniirin k. hhI lir \mi« ml in iIh pr.iirir iirnNinif*. 
Till- iillliiiil nlliriiM ilii mil ililTrnilliali- llir iiKTirs. 

Ni. );i iHTiil siirvi'V iif llic liiiiluT ilislrirli liiis Urn niml' . Inil xihi iil -.iirMys liivr lucn 
mail*' i.f siinii- of llir fiinsi riMTM •.. 'I'Ik- fori ^I iirci li.i^ Intii i i.im|.ii1imI iit niiiflyxix 
niillinri iiiKs. ,iiii| till- sliiti.l iif liitilH-r ill onr I ilrnl uml iiin<l>l»'i liillion fret lioiiril 



1,1 Miu;i{ ( I r. 

'I lie fiillowinK liililr, iiini|.il -il fmiii llic n'|iiirl» -if llir l)i|iiirliiiriil of ill'- Inli-rior fur 

the lust Icti vi-iirs, nIkihs iIic ipii iiliiy of liinil«r. I,.lli. siniitrli-s iiml iliiiiKJi- IkiIN <iiI from 

Diiininion Imiils Mliiiilcil in Mm.ilohii, Siiskiili lii-Htin, Alln-rln mi'l lin- r,iilwiiy Ix-ll in 
Urilisli ('oliiinliiii dining lIn liisl JH yi-nri. 



Ymr. 



l.iiniU-r. 



Shiiivl' 



Sliinjde Hi.lt«. 



18S(l. 
INSI 

IHH^'. 

18811 

18H4 

18W 

IHSn. 

1887 

1HS8 

ISSfl 

1 ><(in 

18fil 

18H2 

18!t:t. 

18«) 

1805, 

1890 

1897 

1898 

1S99, 

190f) 

loni 

1002 

190.1 

1901 

19ll.'i. 

10(X> . 
1007. 

Ti.tnln. 

isvKi— ;j 



I 



Ihl, It. 

10,000,000 

Iii,i;!i4,:i2:i 
2ii.(;7:i,2i;7 
:iti,7iit.:tii9 

2H,(i87,HH 
21,.'jlil.:).':t 
;t«,,')2i,,';92 

;ili,4IH,(l>'7 

4U,;ti7,2:io 
ri»,«49,.';.'',4 

;)0,(,0.'i,IKK) 

32,.'):iii..';:io 

40,(,72,92H 
.(8, I m. 797 
a9,7:i<l,970 

:)o, 010, 4111 

;i4,8l7,909 
:(4,;t7li,,'.99 
39,1190.4117 
,'i2,:«9,740 
rjl,KHi),970 
78,77.3,422 
82,0.19,378 
.8,-.,lil3,2i;2 
94,704.318 
Il4,7,v;,r,,.;.", 

123,.">23.2'l.'. 
141,050,292 

1,484,907.412 



Crdi. 



1*8.300 

2.2.'il,lilO 

I,. 284, 827 

892.400 

2,893,2.".3 

I ,72.'i.2,';o 

2.Ml.'>.8.5ll 

2, 21.7,. 17.1 

l^2,4flO 

I. "ill. 402 

91,7.. T.O 

t ,I9.->,I.'-.II 

4.W.7.-.0 

1 .0.89,179 

748..'-,IKI 

,3,38,083 

i:«,i.vi 

24.2(Kl 

.383.3.'." 

98.i.9IKI 

li31,r.lKI 

1 ,04li.4'ill 

2,.3."iO..''illO 

I ,9<(7.883 

r.,7',ir,,4s; 

S. 111.7, (Hi? 

14, 273,. 300 



r.2,72S. 



y.i 



4 


082 , 1 no 


1. 


1.M).311 


II 


179,033 




ri,i;2,''i(K) 


li 


r,4>.,0tl 


4 


74C..7.'.0 










1; 


•J41 \i,>, 


1 


1.21 ,.,J0 


1 


449,911. 


4 


197. (KHl 


4 


,',4ii,o(Ki 


■> 


1.87,49!) 


7 


210. .,77 


r 


3111.190 


3 


1.1. 1, 941 


2 


034,111.. 


1 


.•.■.4..-,IK) 


1 


439.. -iHi 


,-, 


i.48,7.',ll 


1 


.i.'..'. . .'..'.O 


1 


490,441 


1 


.■.49.2',() 


1 


.994.033 


'il 


,f,,' -irr: 




.^,79,..04 




tiO,000 



5 , 234 
.') . 509 
9,735 
0,395 



35,r.3l 



IH 



I.IIMill'-.H soil) IN MANITOBA. 



'I'Im- ftiil.iwiii;; liilil*', iiiiii|iil«-<l friiiii llw lti-(><irt« cif i\w i>c|mrlinriil of iha' Inlcrior, 
■himt thr iiiiMiunI iif liimlirr wiliI in MiiiiilulNi iiiui the |>r<)vimv <>( SuKknUhi'wiiii a* («r 
writ •• Ib'Kinn. iliirin)( llir liiat t'b-\rn yrnn: - 



Ywr. 




SpriKw rut 

frtmi INttniniim 

IaikU. 



I.umtifft f .- 
Ontario. 



I1n« l/iM And 

Impitii**! from 

Minn««iita 
>n>l Wiarniirfn. 



U,S4t.tNH) 
IA.2n7.1Vtl 

:ii),ini,iMHi 
'.{ii.iwi.iuu) 
x.i.a32,a(iii 

4 I.7M.NA3 
4V.*t(m,l4:i 

M.:i>tA.a(M 

(M,7ftA,WIA 
4».44:^ 1170 



AA.SflO.nilll 
iwt.niiii.oiin 
4A, (mil, mill 

AA.AIHI.mill 

Mi.iKm.timi 
1(11, Am) Km 

114, 4AI .mil 
IVA.(iiiii,(iim 
)ii,(iiiii,ii(m 
Mil (Km, (Km 

A7,(IUU,IKI(l 



Ifl,ri7l.l04 
3A,7AI,IIAO 
.TI,.1AI.NAt 

a7,Nim,4(Ki 
1 1. (Km, mm 
l3,'i'JM,iiim 
4a,fi7'i,(iim 
7(i.imii,mNi 
l^A.mm.iiim 
li)U.m»i,H4ii 

I12,I>4J,U4I 



llhtlah CutiimbM 

rn>.tiii<(i. 



fl,fino.(ino 

i),i«m,iiim 

I4,(mii,(i(m 

lA,(mi),ii(m 

III, mm, mm 

^i,mm,mm 

7a,mm,(i(Ki 

liiA,iiim,iiim 

liui.iiim.iNm 

UO,(X)0,000 



HHITISII COIJ'MI'IA. 



lolal. 



U2,A33.0I3 
1211. iilU. mil 
lli..'>l:i..'iai 
lai .uvu.iMi 
lAii.Aa';.:uio 

lli.'..»<4.7><,1 
274,77«,N.'.3 
a42.Him.l43 

42a.:i»A,aiia 

2&«.QU,Dn 



The forpsis «>f Britinli Columbia cuntuin Jh*- hitgeni luzod limlier now ilandinjj in Cim- 
•dn ronnitinf; of i)oii)(las fir, «■ dnr, liemloc-k, lurch, spriirc nn<l jiine. 

Tie BiVH under license and lease from the province ia 7,85(1,854 acres, ihc sinnd of 
timber on wliich vill nveraKc probably 20,(MM) feet Ixwird nieiisiire jmt acre. The iiTva under 
Lcense in the Do.iiinlon railway belt if 182,758 acres, making a total under license in British 
Columbia of 8,033.(113 acres. The stand of merchantable^timlier has been estimated at 
three hundred and twenty billion feet, board measure, but this is not oflicial. 

The total out of lumber on proviiiciiil land in 1!)(I7 was 50t».l)48,527 feet board measure 
and in the railw.iv U-lt 42,(X)t),()(Hl f.«t or 11 total of 608.048,527 feel. Over half would be 
Doiif^laa fir but Ilir species an not ilr'^'-renliated in the n-turns. 

No official survey of the timber iiriM .f the province has Ix-en made. 



H) 



o 



Oh 

ad 

I 



a 

«^ 

a C 

80 



1^ 



■5-5 



= c 
8 =5 






S 



1< 

I 



l.« 









IS 






w 



hi 



sa^i 


Ul 


SiS|. 


m 




t<-e 


r. 





nni'£i oSactOw — 10 — r-r^^i-^'iSiTf- 


__y^ 






— — — „ eIt5-£-j A — 1» — 'itt- / — wj'C ' 

___ y._ ^ 1 

— frl ri M f "O -r -r .^ -r ^ -f f ^ H^ t^ t- f- 1- 



5 



Oirt 4"?i'i s'T^lS -* ?t TIT ■"-'-■" ' I 



i 

» 

■s 

i 



c c 
— ^ 



M -» ».; w^ X 2 r^ '/ 5 ■» T rf — i ^ C f ■'; ?i ' 






»5 — *irtg'L*cr'«ac — wrt^oit- 



20 

From Ihosc figures it will U- seen liuil <lMiiii;,' tin' I'.isl IMI yciirs llic avtragc iiiiiiiKtl cut 
has Iktii 212,1 78 5(L' iMitinl IVcl : jilso llinl 111-' nil rose from 43,852, I3S in 1S<SS to ,-)(Ki.ll4s..-,.'7 
in ]0()7. During tlic liisl llirct- vmrs llw > 'il li:is cxcrcdcd half a liilliim fc< I [kt aiuium. 

It sliouid 1»' Ixirnc in iiiiiu' lh:'( tliisc (igiin s do nut incliKJc llic IhihIkt cut I'roni tli< 
"|{aiKv,M_vl{<'ll"(<mlriillrilli,\ ihi- Doiiiiiiidii ( iov.rniiicni. Since iss'l llie l'<ill()\vinf:iiiianlities 
of InnilKT. lalli, sliinirles. i's:e., Ii:i\e Ih i n ciil fmni this ari'a. 



Year. 



I SS'l. 
ISdIl. 
IMtl. 
1S02. 
1R!I3. 
ISO I. 
IW).-.. 
IKilil. 
is'.)7. 
I sits. 

I slid. 

iwm. 



liini. 

IW12. 
IIMVI. 
IIIOI. 
I!M).-,.. 
KMIil. 

ino7. 



!,,iM,l..r, 


,,„.... 


Sliilijrir-s. 


Hjiih\..tV Tie^. 


23,7,-,!1.!tl2 
l:i..'.4ll.',l4:i 
30,. 107,4:111 
2O,Oil2.c«0 
|I1.(1S',I.(1«7 
1 1.17.-.. 717 
111. 1112. (WT 
1 3. 7 12.. V.I t 
1.-,. 2.'. I. all! 
l.'t, 250.0:10 
27.07i..il.'l 
2(1 . Os4 . OO.t 


........ 






















' 112,000 

3(14,000 
341,700 










217,(11(1 

7S3.000 
4,401,250 




307. »32 
241,071 






('..nls. 




32.S77,2lil 
33.31 1.1.S It 
31 .270.4111 
22.710.222 
21 .3117,7111 
21 .I.3!I,.>1',> 
42.770,414 


323,. 100 
1,371,100 

i,fiis,s.-,n 

1,2H2,(>17 

(1K7 000 

413,2(17 

71,. 100 


.1 , 233 
5,.1(1S 
10,3.15 
(1,395 
7,282 
4,354 
S.dOS 


224.S.11i 
210.S22 
140,. 130 
(12,000 
4(1,0119 
37,111. 
44,.1>-> 



In the talile slaiwini,' tlie total ml of liiinlicr in llie province it will 1h' noliit-d that the 
ntimlier of mills varies greatly from year to year. This is due to the fact that th<>re are a 
largo -iiimlicr of small mills, many of them iiorlalilc, which shift from jilace to (ilace, some 
years heing included in the slatistic s :iiid some years Uing omitted. 



(KNSrS HIiriiNS l'{)l{ I'.iiMi. 

According to the Dominion (Vnsus reluriis of litill, the following is tin? valiie of the 
forest |iro(iuets of the jirovinci' for r.tiK). In making ii|) the returns, no distinction 
was made I elwcen the wood and tinilier eiil on farms and that cut on larger tracts of land 
jiurchased or lea.scv. from the Crowi' Imt not sawn into lumlx-r. ('onse(|iiently. the follow- 
ing fi, ores arc intended to indicate the total (|ii,intities and values of the various classes of 
wood cut on nil lands, whether iiateiited. im|iriived or leased. 



I'l 



ga:iiilil>. 



\,iluc. 



Vnlu 



Saw t'^E"... 










. H.l, 11. 






:i 


7.'.-li l.niKJ 


2 


()2i),',-,l 


l;irii 
ll.'iiilu.-k. 












2 


l.'i.iHin 
1' n.ilU'i 


l.".0 
2" 7 '.II 








liTlf . . 












i.:i 


2."it',llini 


:i7.;,7;!l 








r^pr'iri'. . 












2:i 


li7li.lHI«l 


l.-,.i, liii 








t Mlur -IHTIC,-' 












j.s.-i 


M'T.HOU 


1. 17'«,:|1,'. 








S'|:-Mri'. «iiii,-, , 


r il.-,t 


lii 


iUt. 




C. It. 








^74,^77 




l"7,77i) 


1 hri. 
(i:,k 










C. II. ' 




t 1 .1)1X1 
S' II 


l.llKI 

S' 








rim-. . . 














S27, lll.'i 


1,'." 11 
liil,.',i.l 








K;ul"a\ fifS, , 

■'■•■I.-I!rul.h 1 s, 

1 cure inifts,, , 
I'iln.e.. 










!•.». 
l'.». 








-'I.-,. .17 
7.IHtll 

7o7,:iiw 
lll.«i,'".'l 




12,172 

:i. Ill 

21.:ii.'.i 

i7, 1 1^1 


l-ir.-u„„.|.. 










r..r>N. 








rii.Mii 




7,2l« 

:iN2,7ii:i 

2.035 


r..ti,i \ 


.■iliw 


•f (. 


Tt'.-t 


prir.llll l<. 












2 


'.:14.o:i2 



oN'I'AUlo. 



I he j;iimI torcsl iiHM.s iif <)ii|:iiiii cniisisl of |iiMc, led ^iii'l v. liilc, >|.nii(', l);il.saiii, jack- 
I'iiir anil laiiuirack ii|> to llic in inlil of lanil; and on the slopr louanls i[inl>on Uay, lilai k 
and « liilc .s|irn( <■ and ja(k|iinc |.icdoiiiina!r. Tlic li.ndwood.s in tliis di.slricl arc niaplo, ycllou 
and uliilc liirili. uilli sonir as'ii, and hnrr and red oak. In soiilli-ursli-rii Ontario li;ird 

" 1^ ^ikIi ii^ "•ik, walnut, while asli, liickorv, vVc, wvn- found Imt tin's foii'st has .iliii.i-l 

w holly disa|i|nMrrd. 

In I'."l7 the total rut of [.inc. wliitf and red, u,is 7S I,ii7v,7 l:i I'cct l)o;ird nii'asuiT, iu- 
cludini; I ,()."):>.|n7 fift of si(uari'd tiinlicr. Mi.wd .s| cries inchidini; sprmi', halsain, jaek- 
|iii,i\ cedar, &e.. total S(i,l.'i.-),7."):i I'eel hoard measure. Hailrtay lies, mostly laniaraik and 

ied;ir, with some jaekpine, inaki- i'.(i.ii(in,iMiii iVet hoard nie.-isiire. riilpwood, slly s|>ni. •■ 

.iiid hal.sani, is ;;i\en at 71,|.'i."i eonU. 'I'lir only hardwoods which :i|i|H'ar in the ri'lurii> 
are ash, hireli and elm with a total of J, l.'i.'i ciihie Icet. 

I he area under license in li.Mi7 was 1S,7:{0 si|uare miles or I 1 ,!ls7,.'iiii :icii s. jiid lln- 
area in l-'orcsl 1{i^,ims and Parks ■.'..■is |s, :{:■.-, si|uare miles or I 1 .7J'^.|''lll acres, hiil Ihe-.- 
areas um rla|i !o some extent . 

I he toi-est aie.i III the |iro\in(c Ins U'cn \.iri(iusl\ esliiii.iicil. The oiilv alli'mpl at i 
s.\slemalic cs.iiiiinaiioii oi the tinihi r of which the results ai^r- a\;:ilahlc is that made hy the 
exieditious .-eiil out l;\ the |)rovinei.il ^'overnment in IHilii, which cstiiii.iled |1m> i|Uaulitv of 
|iul|iwoo(l on CiovMi lands at l.'SN,00(),(ini) eonls. 'I'he i.roviiicial ixovernnieni otlii^iais 
e-liiiial<' the pine on Crown l;inds at 1 D, i Mill, ill 111,(111(1 tec t hoard incisure and a similar niiaii 
)ity on l:,iaU under liceii-e. 'I hcv :il-.o <-^timali- the liniliir .ire.i outride the I'oresl reserM < 
at 7ii,IMiii.iiilti acie-. 



22 



ri.MMKU I'KODK IION. 



'I'lu' followiiic; t;il)li', slinwiiii; llir i|iiiinlilits iif Siiw-loi; liiiitxT (ill oil (riiwii l^iiiils 
diirini; llic la.sl -7 yo;irs, li:is Ix-cii coiiipilcd I'rimi the Crown l.niids IU'|M>rls: - 



I. SSI 
1,S8!) 
1S91 
ISOd 
1897 
ISUS 
ISilfl 
IWH) 
1901 
1902 
1903 
1904 
I9ir. 
i!ii)i; 

HI07 



Year. 



i 











i 


S.iw !.....». 




I!,,()\i \ \r, 1 U\n \Ni,,\, 


1 


. ._ 




i iMiim. 


line. 


llem|...-k. 


-Mixed Sperie^. 


I'ine. \l 


i\o,l .SjH'rip^ 


11. M. 


It. M. 


11. M. ! 


11. \I. 


11. M. 


49H.7:!,-,,lli)ll 


2s,iKia 


2..''.I0.IKKI 


lii.;is\ 


t;fi<. 


72i,727.i::i'i 


s.:i2ii 


:!,iirs.ii:i 


:i2.iiiiii 


2:17 


4.'). ,21 17.. "ill.", 


ii«,29:) 


:i,n7i .-'HI 


:i7.S44 


11", 


1'1I4 :t7'.".7lll 




l.-..l!l7.7."i2 


:i4.:i7:t. in.". 


2.ll.'iil liilil 


177,7ir,.44s 




s. 7 -,8. 7 111 


2i;,i INI. 7:17 


711., s,iO 


."p44,4.".-.I:)<) 




S,J.'4.442 


2.',, 1,111. -.'.Ill 


1 ,:i:i7.222 


4IIS, 1,07. mis 




l.-,.:i'.lii.:!M 


2'.i.:iiii ,i,!i."i 


2.1 Ml. (Ids 


ti4:),.llii.7iui 




:ti;.72i .'MIS 


:14,724. Iss 


li Slil, llOll 


.■lis.4:i:i.!i.")N 




•10.21li,!»17 


:i2,7.",.-.,i;;is 


.", 2.",", '''^ 


i.l.'i.s:) 1,4*1 




:is.i-,.-,4,:i4l 


:is .,-,:«!, s.-,r. 


l.iili4,:i:il 


679, HI 11,. Mi.-. 




.",s,is:i,isii 


:is.s:t|. 11.; 


7.i.iS4,:i7l 


i;2H,.",<,i."i,.ii,."i 




42.21.",,:i!lS 


.■i:i..",."!i,.-,27 


.-,.22S.S41 


.",!I7.I44.47S 




.■iS,2:U.!l77 


2.'. 211.",. sill 


i,.l I2.:174 


l.74.MHl.4i;.') 




l.li.!l4",.<IS7 


2il.".17. 182 


S,.",tl7,4s7 


7;l.S,(ll2,47s 




7S, 2H2.il IS 


.■i',.7ls,14:! 


7.s|J.>li 



Year!". 



Squarp,i Stiuared 
White I'irie 1!<"1 Pine. 



Stjuareii 1 
White .Ash. 



S(iuareil 
llirch. 



S'lliared 
i:ini. 



Oak. 



\l:i|,l,- 



issi. 

1SS4., 

issn.. 

1892.. 



Cuh. ft. 
4,847.114 

n,;i7s..">nii 

1 ,."i,")7,ll7.j' 
.■),H4l,s.-,:i 



C'ul,. I'l 

1 ,4Si.iis:( 
4n."i.i'4."i 

22. SOT 
1 7 . 4(1(1 



Cub. ft. 



:is,74;i 

20, 87.-! 

17.) 

1 .o.",:i 



Cub. ft. 

l« 

2,5li:i 

1,()4.", 

12,(17.", 



Cub. ft. Cuh. ft. 



3,83:1 

4,943 

210 

2.-,3 



ll,2S.-> 

1,319 

928, 

1,933, 



Cub. f 



4 , 27.", 
3,!H12 
3,9()S 



(II 
4S 



18911.. 

1S97.. 

189S.. 

1899.. 

190(1.. 

1901.. 

1902.. 

1903. 

1901.. 

190.").. 

IBOfi.. 

1907.. 



Square,! I'ine. 

1 .128,(111(1 
1 .977,400 
1 .4.-)9.ii:il 



23.274 
1 .919.2:(0 
l,7.").-),s-,l 
1 ,4r,S,7.",il 

SO 1,7 77 
1 .9(13,938 
1 .0119.1117 

113s, 22^ 
1 .0.",:;,1>7 



2.SS7 


230 


3.900 


23.8(19 


11.7(14 


r,.2io 


1,23s 


13,384 


.555 


2,380 


2,229 


5,023 


1119 




1 .317 


211,3110 


1 ,317 


2,412 


9.493 


1,91 







188 
18 



209 
4: 



129 
40.") 



8,000 



113.") 

3,.)94 

297 

100 



Of railro.Ki lits llic ))iii<lii(l In issl was '.•(!, J.'iS pieces wliicli rose to \ ,i)i.'>.:i'M in lNS."i. 
Until I'.IOO the nnnilHT iiiiininllv wiis U-low one million except in !S!»3 and 1S;)S. The 
hiphest production was in 10(12 with L',.'i7."),J.').") jiieces and in 1(1(17 the niiiiilx-r was 1 .'.tS7,.j4ii. 

I'lilpwood dix's not lake an important plac«'. It first apinars in the returns in 1801 
with S()4 eords, and the hif.'host fii;iire was n-ached in lOiKi with S4,0(jl cords. In 10(17 it 

Vv.tS I Klo-*) eord.s. 

Other proihicts in 1007 were: lele<;raph poles. 1.5,7^1; fence posts, 4lKl; firewood, 
■S."),5>3fi eords; stave liolts, :?,US pieces; tanbark. JO.JiiS cords; piliiij;, 1 OX, 38(1 feet lioard 
nieasiiri-; cedar, 140,7.'<) lineal feet. 



23 

In these 1'7 y<'ars tlic iiiiioiiiit ot' iiiiic rciiiKVcd rfiiclic a lotal of l:»,7.".l,.'l7,s;lil lio.iril 
l<<t; hemlock, 407,437 feet; iiml of mixed s|x>eies 5:}J,nSl,ilil't feel -fjiviiiij .'0,.'(il,7;j(i,'t'li; 
lionrd feet iillofrethcr. 'J'o this must U- a<l<ieil the amount removed as Loom aii.l diriienliou 
tnnUr«hieh amounts to 8S4,8'l8,40fllH>ard feet, AlloRi'lher this jjives a total of 21 ,1 \i\.r,U.- 
4'C' U-ard feet in saw-lop and Loom and dinwiision timlx-r. In addilion to this L'l liillioii 
iHianl feet of timlier removed tliere has Ix'Cti a verv large amount of s.piareil limlier; of 
wliicli the piiK' alone makes up 74,()41 .:ill(; cubic feel.' The <|uanlilies of railroad li.s, pojcs, 
p<isls. tire\voo.l, pnlpwood. piliiif;, &c.. have also Uen verv large. When il is rememU-red 
that all this wood material has U-en <ul from Crown lanils alone, il will ]»■ seen thai ihc 
proMiice nf Ontario has been a large prodmvr of liml>er, from which the proviiwv iIitIvcs a 
h'Tgc pit of ils annual ri'Vcnue. 

l'r<M(ius to ISIKS large (piantities of saw-logs were c.\portcd from iiorlh-u.slcrn ( )iilario 
lo suppU sawmills in Michigan, but in that vear Ihe Ontario Ugislalnrc pa.ss,.,! an \,\ 
re<|uiriug that all logs cut (m Crown lands .should )x- manufaclurcl uithiii lli.' proviiiif . 
The nsidl was that a large mimlx-r of Michigan lumlH-rmen translcrrcl their o|KTalions In 
the (ieorgian Hay District, thus giving en:ploymciit to a great many men within the 
jmivince. Later an .\ct was pas.s«>d proliibitiiig the export of p;ilprt-oo<l in,m Crown l.iii.|.< 
in ( )ntario. 

According lo the Dominion Census of I'J.il Ontario us.-d the following amomits of 
forest proihicts: — 



liu.intit V. 



Val., 



ilnan 



\,..|- 



liiMi,K,c-k.. 
llicknrv.. 

Uah, 

i'ine 

Spruce. ... 
' *thpr PiH'rif* 



Squftre. Wftiit'v 
.\8ll. . . . 
Hirph.. 

Elm 

.Mapjp.. . . 



* t'at tiiiilter.. 



Oak 

S'ine. . . , . 

< )ther aperies. 



I'ulp wood 

Raihva.v ties. ... . . . 

Telegraph poles. 

Feme posts 

Hop am! h.X)p poles . 

Piling.. 

Masts aiiii sp.irs. . . . 
Conpon.ire stork. . . . . . 

Firewooii.. . 

Tanbark 

Pot otii pc'trl ashes... 



H.I. 'I. 7:i.ia").lin() i,2>i r,7ii 

S1.17.3,0(K) 4«2,4t7 

1,44.1, (MX) 17,3tH 

.S.S42,(X)() I2il.'./()1 

:t8l,,3.52,000 ln,lli,,lii;7 

R, 7*1, 000 71,221 

1117, 111)4, noo 1.320, 5 JS 

I'. It. 2.31,4'.l4 24.(iri2 

7S,<i.Sii 8,,5ol 

l,2.51i,174 l*i,7S7 

I'.i4.an4 21,5i4 

70,02o l:t.0-J2 

l,0»4.4:)!l 2l!i,21:i 

!.0C,,2:)fi ll4,8iiS 

Tor.ls 

Pes. 

Pes. ' . ' 

Pi's. ■■'.'.".'..../.''. 

Cor.U. 
Bris. 



1 .:i:il.i;22.ii'i'F 12.7t.i.7i;s 



'l<T;i[ \:ilue nf forest pri,.iui't^ 



ins 


3.i.-| 


iol,S.i7 


3,r,2l 


Mia 


■'27.S1J 


1.52 


ISO 


13t.S27 


2,136 


3:W 

i;os 


H3.;.72 


31 


.',S 1 


a'l.s.js 




:;(is 


2, .543 
^'4, ill 


4,1131) 


't.)7 


i;.47il.S0',) 


o2 


<l42 


2.il.s.JS 





4i:(l 


11.013 
21,3.51, 2 lo' 



Wool) WOliKINj; IMHSIUIKS 

I hi |..llo«iMf; li>,'\iir.s. liikill from Ihr ( . iisii> .if Mjillilfii. lures fur I'Mir. (fHkrti jr. 
i'.'iii.i. >li,,« 111, iiii|Mirl.iiiif of Viirioiis h.h..I w.irKiii;,' rslahlisliiii.nN in lli. proviii..' uf 
Onl:irio. S.ii;. I,(.;i| . Mnl.li.sliiiiiiils, <iii|.|..\ in;; i:,, IJli |,(.o|,|,. „|,<I iiiitiii.illv |.iiviii<,' o.il 

H'l.v.ls.".,'!:!! ill wiip s iii.iiiis ili;it llic v> i working; iii.liislrics have nr.MUi io]iir;;r 

|ir.ip.irlii'ii- aii.i Hill al\\a\.s rii|iiir.' larp' i|iiaiilitji s nl' raw inalirial. 



cr 1\...| .'t 



S.^ 


..< 


II:h 


.1- 


« 


ll!tS 


Iiu 


.1 


w. 


rkr 




\i 


hi" 




i-h- 


.■|M|.|. 


v.-.l. 


!'■ 


il. 


Itllll'llll 

ri.'ii 


■-MII.I 

t. 


. ':i 


■il. 


1. 


I'm,. 





llualh iiii.l r:n)<.> 

i'jirnji'Tr" :itiil w .■.'iis. 
('.■tliii^ :init .:.vk,M-, 

1 uriiii iM'i' 

l.ilSlH IMli |« 1'- , 

I...C i.i.nliu-r- 
I.iiiul i-r )>roilu( !>.. . 
r.-iiH'! ,. 

rifiiiic 'r;!!!!!-*. 
ilrlri^-'ci.-ii. TN 

W,.,'.l j.ul|.. <!.rniir:.l rni.i ti.i'- 

.h:nn.';.l,. . 
U . .ni« tTkin^' ;iii.l turmn!-, . 



-1' 


;'-■' 


^1 .1171 


M' . V.M 1 




1 1 1 .1,1.11 


JI)o,MI7 


lis 


Tit' 


IJ:l.ll.)l 
I7.IK1S 


ll,.l. 1,1,1,1 




i:).'-',:M7 


-Till, II 11 

I7'i,7:;ii 


>>7 


S,"i7 

;(.7,".«i 


l.'7'.l.lll'.l 
1 .71.'.S.'S 


411. .Mil 




:ii'l .'.IS.-. 


1 .<M1 ,!IJ| 

r,.'.','ii ,,'..si) 


ii 


IM 


171.. -..Ill 


■J!C'..',<II 




■i.''!i.:n:i 


i;.';4.Mi2 


•nI 


1 . ll'll 


.^>n."i.n:i'.i 


470.277 


1 


, ii.'i.i'ii'.i 


1 ,."'Ci4,sj:; 


!.'.■ 


.'.ri/p."! 


-'.I'.ll .s,M 


4.1(l..'.:lH7 


4 


li7'i..',s;l 


7.:t7.-. .-,i.'s 


:; 


j^' 


1 l.ilM 


1". Mil 




7,1S7 


.il.iij'.) 


:;", 
.%»» 


I'O.L'UO 
7.L'(IJ 


7..V.I.-|..||'.I 

:i.:i-l .'J!!'.' 


I7,.'^J■J.4(II 
4. 7 11 I.MS 


HI 

1', 


:ks.l'ii.'i 
.■tmi.ji;., 


:il .I'Jii.J.'J 
lJ.ss2,-.':i 


17 


1 , i;:::! 


1 ■:'.*'.. "..".Ii 


rt.L'iKi.st;.; 


■J 


1l<.l4,41l) 


:i. iTs.i iij 





;t<-*i 


lMi.:c.s 


l(;.'..ltlHl 




■JIV),4I7 


W-*i. 111,4 


■i 


I'll, 


7'.t..HHI . 








J.',S,(HI(I 


7 


■I7:i 


-'H».:t7.*i 


l.27|)':t.'.:t 




:ii,()..^,no 


l-'l ,77.1 




ITii 


i.ii.:i.''.s 


X7.(I'J7 




I4:i.:ii'.i 


-'..1 .(l.'lj 




III 


1M.,'<H 


iW.I.IMK) 




:tii.o.iKi(i 


■i.;i,'.».i,-i 


,', 


'.'IT 


:ii o.'.ii'.i 


U.W.'i.sdL': 


2 


192 .W.'-. 


1 , Il'.2,'.i7l» 


(1. 


.'■Si. 


.■.•.:i..|.-i.-. 


:io."i.7Hi-,: 




M» .:mi 


',2it.r.(iii 



1S.4S.', ,'.i:m :^.^, 



.1(11 4ii,:m;i.,-ii'.i 



riic I.TcsIs I'f (^i:i'i I- 



spriuv 



(,>rKi',K(\ 

:;r.' sinilar l.i lln'sc ..f Onlariii Iml willi a lar;:ir iiroporli.m of 



riic iina umlcr fcrtst r. serve is ITI.iM'.r, .si|iiare miles or 1 11 ,4(il,JS(l acres, which 
iiulu.les prailii,.lly all llie fore.st laiiil of llie iirovimc exeepl ,S,|1(H) sijuare miles slated liv llu- 
provincial i.fli.ials to 1 e in private liaiiils. 'I he area under lieeiis.', which is included within 
ihe reserves, is NMum sipiaie miles. .\ lar^^e proportion of llie lands reserved do not hear 
timt.er of eoiiiniereiai value at the present tin!.', Init iii. .syslematie si.rvev has Ixcn nia.le to 
I'etermine tiieir eondilion. 

In l'.>ii7 the pro.hietion of pin,', while au.l re.l, was ;i:j 1 .41 1 .7',).") feet l.oanl measure, .if 
-vhi.h J.VK.UUi f<et wen- sijuare tinilcr. Of niixe.i species, inelu.linp jacki.iiie, spriue, 
!u.alcHk. halsiuii. cellar. &c.. the pro.liid was IJtiJ.TlKi.llT'.t IVet l),>ard measure. Railway 
!ies. eomprisin;,' tamaraek, ce.lar and some jaekpiiie, consumed 2 1,0(17,(100 feet board 
nea.sure. The piil]u\ood pr.'.luct, mostly spruce and lialsam. was L'3ti.401 cords, of which 
U'S.i'titi cords were exported. Ihe hard«,...,N. in<ln.linf; ,iak. elm. hir, li and ash, tol.d 
.So..'7>> cul'ic I'eet. 



•26 



I'll. fill (I ION |.(,|{ nil I ^m ,m ^|^\|{^ 

■''" l'''''-'''^l'l'l''.''''N|.il.'.lrnMMll»-<'n,a., |.,.,,l.r.|M,rir,.rll,..l;,,M,v..v..,,- ,|„.v, 
tl..- nu.nU.r ,. ,.,„.„.. „„l.s of limUr l.,„l un.l.r li...„.. .n,| ,!,.■ |.r.,.|,„ ., ■ ...n.,,,', | ,„| 

"^ ""':' .'"^ •■ " ;;;" '- -""-••-" "-• n,.. ,|u„„iiiv ,„■ ,,„i|!. , , 

..-.s M..I ns..,, v,.ry r„p„llv. ,-,1, ,.|, ,1„. ,|,,„„il, ..x,..,H-,| l,.„ v ||,:,„ ,|.,„l,l..,| ,| , 

Hir ;,'n Ml.r |.<>iHnii l»ii,^; nil from |.riv,il,. |.,,i.U 



:"l'iiir.! Willi., rill,. . i , 
riiili-H i,,„| 

'.'"■'••'' l'""in li. )».| 

I-tri'ii *♦-. 



l:.. I I'l 





..., M. 


'in.l |-..i,l,r ... 


!..;.. 



Miiij ;■ 
mit-r. 

M«l.-.-(i 
ll""i-7 



Van. 



li. I . 



r,2,7m .-(.(KiLai'.-i iv.n mi ii'i 

lA,\n»i L'.llli:!,Ji,!l :.'ir.ii,!)'s|7 

1.7,4111! :),21«).l;;> ;;c,7 r.Z.l' -,2^ 

iw.iiio: .'i.-ia^LK,-,.-, 27i)'Mr,s'.nn 

ii.H,|.t2; :i,7i(i.7f,:! i;h:i iji,,, i,ir, 



I'.H 

^•(17. -,;.-, 

•1.12. Mil 

:)'i7,7iii 

,'IS.",,ll.lli 



It. I . 



I'. 



II I 



-M, ■.7s.ll2ii .'..v-.s 1.1,1 

•M, llil>.'2 H.l III 1171, 

:io,.i,-,i,,.i7:i II ,iis>.i77 

;;7,iiv-,,i;.-,i 111. .HI", s-'.-, 



n.-,.s.'i iij.im.ii.jii (i,'.-,i,.i; 771.1 ;.,r,_.;7 



.N^.il,.,. |_,| 
i77.'Jl'l.7li| 
!■>/ . J/l'.7iHl 
llM.^'^2. 112 
Ii,.'i7') 



ir...| Ti 



.-> |,; ir>..| ihii.iw I 



li..<. 



1 llll 


.,., 


'!)0.-, 


-li.. 


HMWi- 


7 



ll.l.-,r. 


r,i)r,,7M 


1 tl.j7 




20, Mil 


!'',0.4.',l 


.-, , 2r,H 


l.-,ll.^lll.l 




2.',!i.:ii,ii 


i:i.i,!il 


41!l.i;i7 






.I.HI,'! 


l^|^.<;l.'. 






S..-,2(l 


2SII.27S 



l'iil|,n,„,.|. r.„ I, 



"■I2.S71 
7^ii,!l(,i, 
-•77. (tj,.; 
.,'•7,7.,^ 
7J2.a...,, 



in(i2-:i ,. 
1 (111.1 -i... 

KKll-.-,... 

i»(tt-ii... 
I»i)r,-7... 



2(i2,i;:i:i, 


• ,f «hi,li ,-,i 


!l.,2 


■,,r.|« u-..r*. ,' v[ 


2.iii.2:tl, 


• ,r whi.li 711 


--.,, 




2.",U,I!«. 


"f wliiili .1;; 


,;.,- 




:!2.|,|(i<). 


.■f nhirli i:iii 


.'illl 




2:111,1111. 


<,f »lii, li 111^ 


9*,,, 


« 



T',. I fr ,1,1 r,.,„,,,|, 



l)uri„j.,li,.(i-.,..,l v.'.irs llini; (,7 lliLr- u..,,. .U., ,,n.,lur,.,l 1^:1.-..,, li„„,| ,•„,., ,„■ , 

nU,n,,o.sl.s. l..,.!.i,..i,.,|s„,hn.u i, ..,:!):; ....r.U ..f ., |u.,i,.l. , ,r, .lils .iml , ,,i;, ,,4,.,; 



KXi'onr ii;,\i)i: 



I'litil ciiii 



.mpiinilnvlv rnrnl yars tlir ,ilv ,,f Qn,-\^-r u,.,.s tl,,- ,■.„,„. ,.f tl„. f,„l..r m.l 
u.nlHT ox,,.,rt lr;i.l.., Ii„t will, ,|i.. ,|U|,hi„. ,„ „,• ,,i|i„^, „.,^,,.^ ,,^. ^,,..„„ ^,.^^ ,^ ^ . ,^ ^^ 

rillT n V"!"-"":'";-'" "!'""■ >'•.'•'»'■■•""• ^""'•■- ^''-'lr..|.l .;,.„■ r,„i„. u, ,|,.. pn.,Mi;r 

.in, llR, frriiwli, „t 111, liM.l,, „, ,s,u„ IuiiiIkt. In lv;i som,. -"I.oj.'..-, ■,, |.„l,i,. iV,., „•,.,„, p. 
iin, «,.„„.y t.mlH.r w,.r,. sliip|K.,l from (^,i..|,..,., I.„l .,;„,... ,|,,, „■„,, ,„„ |r.„i.. |,„ „ra,l i.lliv 
<l,.,l„i,.,l. lJ.r,,M..s II, ,.„_w,tl, ,l,.ais 1,11,1 Loanis ,;,„ I,. l,ro,i,-hl i,l„ii. (1,.. (.„aw,, riv,.r .in.l 
1 :„.,i::ir .■:,,.„ ,in.! i!,v n.-iiirr ir.ui.f. nv.i .ii,,. ,h (., o,...,iM.j,„i„i; M.ani.T. iil Montr., il 
thii.s rxliuiiii; III,, cost ,,f slii|>iii,.ii|, 

Th.. en-.-it lioily of 11,,. ..xporl trn.l,. in lunilHT consist.s of .vhit,. ,,i,„. an,l ..pru,.., ,m.Ii 
oak ami <-lm as lli,- l.-a.lmjr lianhvooils 1 . > o 



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(ONJ I.I SHINS, 

! )ii 11 c iiri'.iilt raliiiii ••f llii |«rr«<iil | i.^ili'.ii nf llii- i:im- in n ttiinl li> ■.liili-tii •> "C llu- fnri-U 
mill fiirr>l liriHlinN. tin- I'lillimlriir -i riiiiiiniiiil.iliiiii^ ire iniiilr: 

n ) rri>vi-.hiii sliiHilii Ix- iiimIc for tin- • nlli rlimi ■■!' -Iili-lii •. in n ;.Mrcl t.i l.iri -.1 jinBliii I- 
iiiiniiiilU , «> in to inrlinli- tin- |iri><|iiil Irmii priMilt ii-" "<'ll »•< |iii'ili< lamji riii^ niiiM l» 
iloiir liv llic Knri»tr\ llrmi. Ii in c n (>|«riilion «itli llu- < iiihm* llnn-iin 

(J). 'riiiilHT <nr\«\» nf llii- fun ■"I rt-^iTM-^ iHhI hIIiit .i>n->l ari'ii^ iimliT llitir ir.|Milivi- 
jiiri«lirlii>ii'< ■•lionlil \»- ninli rliikni liy tlic iKmiininn inij ppivini i.il .intliorilii'. willi IIh 
U'tiMt iiii?«iilili' ili'liiy. 

C) (Kliiial ir|niiU iif liniliir ii|Hr,ilii>n. >liiiiil>l coiiliin in.irr ij.l.iilicl infurniitinri 
ill njjiiril In s|M'riis